Crime Rates in New York City

With a staggering 8.1 million residents, New York City is the largest city in the nation. The city is made up of five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island. NYC is a true melting pot with residents from all corners of the earth, but it would be nearly impossible for a metropolis of this size to not have it share of crime. Information from the 2014 crime report show the following about New York crime rates:

Homicide

2014 was a banner year for the murder rate in NYC, as it dropped to the lowest level it has been since 1963. Only 328 homicides were reported in New York in 2014, which is slightly lower than the 335 murders recorded in 2013. Homicide rates have been steadily declining in NYC; for comparison, there were 596 murders recorded in NYC in 2006. The historically low murder rate is especially impressive when compared to the homicide rate in 1990 when 2,245 murders were committed in New York City.

Rapes and Sexual Assaults

There were 1,070 rapes reported in NYC in 2014; this is a 3.8% decrease compared to the rape statistics for 2013. Since 2005, incidences of rape and sexual assault in New York City have declined by 24.2%.

Robbery

16,581 robberies were recorded in 2014 compared to 19,170 robberies in 2013, representing a 13.5% decrease. Overall, robbery rates have declined by 32.9% since 2005.

Aggravated Assaults

There were 31,460 aggravated assaults reported in NYC in 2014, which is only slightly lower than the 31,767 assaults that occurred in 2013. Since 2005, aggravated assaults have increased by 12.6%.

Burglary

15,916 burglaries were recorded in 2014, which is 4.2% decrease from the 16,606 burglaries that occurred in 2013. New York City has seen a 31.4% drop in burglary rates since 2005.

Theft

There were 112,107 incidences of theft in New York City in 2014. This figure is 4.9% lower than the 117,931 incidences of theft reported in 2013. Theft rates have declined 7.3% compared to statistics from 2005.

Motor Vehicle Thefts

Compared to other large metropolises, New York City has a low rate of motor vehicle theft since many people do not own cars and choose to rely on public transportation, taxis, or private car services. In 2014, 7,724 motor vehicles were reported stolen. This is 3.9% higher than the previous year, but motor vehicle theft is down 58% since 2005.

Violent Crime Per Capita

The violent crime rate in New York City is 596.7 per 100,000 residents. This figure is higher than the national average, which is 365.5 per 100,000 residents. The violent crime rate in New York City is substantially lower than the top 10 cities in the U.S. with the highest violent crime rates.

Property Crime Per Capita

The property crime rate in New York City is 1601.9 incidences per 100,000 residents. This figure is substantially lower than the national average for property crime, which is currently 2,730 incidences per 100,000 residents.

Crime Focus for the Future

Crime rates spiked in NYC in the 1980’s and 1990’s, and it was considered a very unsafe large city. Law enforcement and city officials have been widely commended for taking control of crime and improving policing which has led to a drastic decline in both violent and property crime. Many criminologists believe that these improved policing tactics and the end of the crack epidemic that plagued NYC for years play a huge role in the crime rates that the city has today.

Moving forward, it is believed that law enforcement will continue to implement the policing tactics that have worked so well over the past decade. According to recent data, New York City is currently ranked as the 10th safest major city in the world, and is also rated as the 28th safest city overall for personal safety. For a city with over 8 million residents, the drastic change in crime rates since the 1980’s and 1990’s is nothing short of amazing. Many leaders across the country are studying the tactics that law enforcement in NYC have employed to see if they can be successfully implemented in other large cities across the country that are currently experiencing very high levels of crime, particularly violent crime.